English3d.com               Unit 1 Lesson two  (part b)
 

Our snug tiny island in the universe of language
         


      Singular

 

What is it?    
         

It's an apple

It's a bus

It's a car

It's a dog

It's an egg

It's a fork

It's a ghost

It's a horse

It's an ice cream

It's a jacket

 

 

 

 Read also: a /an difference in the grammar section        

Lea también la diferencia entre a/an en el apartado de gramática.

Click here

 

 

      

 

 

 

 

       Plural

What are they?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They are acorns

They are bananas

They are carrots

They are daysies

They are eggs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plural Spelling   Formación del Plural               

                        

  PLURAL NOUNS   SUSTANTIVOS EN PLURAL
       
  Rules of formation:   Reglas de formación:
       
   1) Most nouns simply add   -s   in the plural:   1) La mayoría de los sustantivos simplemente agregan  -s  en el plural:
        a dog           two, three, etc     dogs

 

            un perro        dos, tres, etc        perros
 
        a stamp                                  stamps
 
            una estampilla                           estampillas
        a computer                             computers

 

            una computadora                     computadoras
       
   2) Nouns that end in   -s   -ss   -sh   -ch   -x   add  -es   in the plural:   2) A los sustantivos que terminan en     (   )   se les agrega  -es en el plural
 
       a bus                                         buses
 
            un colectivo,micro etc               colectivos, micros, etc
       a class                                      classes
 
            una clase                                  clases
       a crash                                     crashes
 
            un choque                                choques
       a match                        matches                                  
 
            una fósforo                               fósforos
       a bo                                       boxes             una caja                                   cajas
       
   3) Nouns that end in  a consonant  +   -y change to ies in the plural
 
  3) Los sustantivos que terminan en una consonante + -y  cambian a ies en el plural
       a city                                        cities
 
            una ciudad                                 ciudades
 
       a baby                        babies          
 
            un bebé                                      bebés
 
     a body                                    bodies
 
          un cuerpo                                   cuerpos
 
       
    3') But if the noun ends  in a vowel  +  -y  the -y does not change   3') Pero si el sustantivo temina en una vocal + -y  la -y no cambia
       
       a monkey   monkeys                              
 
            un mono                                     monos

 

       a day                                   days
 
            un día                                         días
 
       
     4) Many nouns that end in -f,  in the plural change the f to v  and then add     es      4) Muchos sustantivos que terminan en -f, en el plural cambian la f por v y luego agregan   es
      a half                                  halves
 
            una mitad                                   mitades
 
    a wol                                 wolves
          un lobo                                      lobos
       
     5) Many nouns are irregular in the plural.       5) Muchos sustantivos presentan forma irregular en el plural:
    a man                                  men
 
         un hombre                                   hombres
 
      a woman                   women             
 
           una mujer                                    mujeres
 
      a child                                children
 
           un niño                                        niños
 
    a foot                                  feet
 
         un pié                                          piés
                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                      
 

 

                                                                                       

Now it's time for activities.
Fill in the blanks. Write the words in the plural.

  Ahora es tiempo de actividades.         Completa los espacios en blanco. Escribe las palabras en plural.

 

                       

 

Scorer Right  Scorer Wrong 

                                                                                                                                                                            
'What are they?' 'They are.' (watch)                  I like    like Tom and Paul!   (man)                             

'What are they?'  'They are .'          'Oh...three   !' (witch)

'What are they?' 'They are  .' (glass)       'Give me four ' (kiss) 'Ok!'                        

Cambridge and Oxford are good . (university) + = Two . (woman)     

Enjoy these ... (sandwich)              Bs As and New York are enormous . (city)          

A boy + a boy = Two .                      'Here are your  , madam.' (key)'Thank you.'                      

 

          

          

 

 

 

 

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